Bill Browder is an economist and the co-founder and CEO of Hermitage Capital Management, an investment fund and asset management company specializing in Russian markets. In 2006, Russian officials blacklisted Browder as a “threat to national security," and barred him from entering Russia in retaliation for his firm’s investigation into high-level corruption. In November 2008, one of Browder’s lawyers, Sergei Magnitsky, was arrested on charges of tax evasion after he accused Russian tax officials of systematic theft and fraud. Magnitsky died in custody after 11 months of imprisonment and torture while awaiting trial. Browder began a global campaign to bring justice to Magnitsky’s killers, a campaign that resulted in the Magnitsky Act, a U.S. law that prohibits Russian officials thought to be responsible for the death of Magnitsky from entering the U.S., and from using the U.S. banking system. The Russian government has since tried to arrest Browder through Interpol numerous times. Browder is the author of the bestselling “Red Notice: A True Story of High Finance, Murder, and One Man’s Fight for Justice,” and is currently based in the UK. As of 2019, Browder’s campaign for a global expansion of the Magnitsky Act has resulted in six countries adopting similar legislation.