Three China’s and the Rest of the World Yang Jianli

2012 San Francisco Freedom Forum
September 28, 2012

Chinese scholar and former political prisoner Yang Jianli outlines his concept of the "three Chinas," describing three different aspects of Chinese society. "China Inc." is the political and economic elite who make up the Chinese Communist Party; "Under-China" is comprised of the more than one billion poor laborers that facilitate "China Inc."; and "Democratic China," a future China that is built on individual freedom and equality of opportunity. An unprecedented wealth gap exists between "China Inc." and "Under-China," and Yang argues that these two Chinas no longer speak the same political language. He is confident that a democratic transformation will emerge that forces "China Inc." to acknowledge and respond to the rest of the population and accelerate the growth of “Democratic China.”