Olga Litvinenko is a politician who served in the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg from 2007 to 2011, and who has been an outspoken critic of the Putin administration. Her criticism of the regime was sparked by a legal conflict with her father Vladimir Litvinenko, a Russian businessman, university rector, and close associate of Vladimir Putin. The fortune he acquired during Putin’s presidency prompted an investigation of his wealth and assets in 2017. Since 2010, Litvinenko has been involved in a case regarding the kidnapping of her daughter Ester-Maria, in which her parents refused to return her daughter to her care. Despite their personal relationship and his status within the regime, Litvinenko publicly denounced her father for his actions and the lack of due process in taking her daughter away from her. In 2011 Olga was excluded from the political party Spravedlivaya Rossiya, of which she was a member, for criticizing its leader’s views on maternity and childcare. Olga continues her activism today through a website she has established for the safe return of her daughter. She has been awarded multiple state honors for her civic participation and assistance with election campaigns.