Alejandro Toledo was the president of Peru from 2001 to 2006. The first indigenous Peruvian to be elected president, Toledo grew up in poverty and earned a Phd. in economics from Stanford University. Toledo is the founder of the Global Center for Development and Democracy, and was instrumental in prosecuting his autocratic predecessor, Alberto Fujimori, for human rights violations and anti-democratic actions. Toledo spearheaded the ratification of the Organization of American States’ historic Inter-American Democratic Charter. Toledo previously served as chief economic adviser to the president of the Central Bank of Peru and minister of labor under President Fernando Belaúnde.