Sudanese non-violent resistance movement

Girifna, Arabic for “we are fed up,” is a grassroots nonviolent movement that Sudanese university students launched in 2009 to organize civil resistance to the dictatorship of Omar al-Bashir at the University of Khartoum. Girifna grew into a nationwide network across Sudan, and al-Bashir’s National Intelligence and Security Services hunted its members, subjecting them to torture, rape, and extrajudicial detentions. The 2015 Václav Havel International Prize for Creative Dissent recognized the often overlooked resilience and ingenuity of the movement, which emerged ahead of the first multi-party presidential election since al-Bashir’s 1989 coup, and challenged the regime in novel ways, such as producing humorous commercials, teaching citizens the art of nonviolent protest, or publishing on YouTube the first ever public testimony of a survivor of rape perpetrated by security forces. 

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